Last week, we looked at different approaches to the Map task in Academic Writing Task 1, depending on how many maps were present – one, two or three.
This week, we will look at useful language for each of the three example tasks from last weeks, with which you can try to write a response of your own. I will also provide a model response using the suggested language for you to compare your own answer with.
The first thing I do when presented with a Map Task is to draw a compass reference showing North, South, East, West, if there isn’t one already provided. The next thing I do is analyse the visual information in front of me and brainstorm any phrases or expressions that come to mind. I then select language from this list to use while I draft my response. Let’s follow this approach for the following three tasks.
One map: Chorleywood village
-In addition to the language on the map (main road, motorway, railway, station, park, golf course)
between (year) and (year); from (year) to (year)
the amount/kind/type of development
existing; original; initial
over time; as the years went by; as time went on
means/mode of transport; transport options
the amount of development increased; there was an increase in development; there were numerous phases of development; the village expanded; the expansion of the village
the first/second/third phase of development
the intersection of the railway and the main road; where the railway and the main road intersect/cross
most of the development; the majority of the development
the building of the railway; the opening of the motorway
This map shows four different periods and areas of expansion of Chorleywood village between the years 1868 and 1994 as well as the successive transport routes that links them.
As the years went by, the amount of development increased, with each subsequent phase consisting of a larger area of development than before. Most of the development overall has been on either side of the motorway, which is the most recent addition to the transport infrastructure.
Initially the only urban development was beside one of the main roads, which were the only existing means of transport in the early days. The second phase of development centered around the area that would later become the railway station. The third phase of expansion continued this trend and included the area where the railway intersects with the existing main road. The second phase began just before the building of the railway and the third phase ended when the motorway opened. The majority of urban development has followed the building of the motorway in 1970.
Word count: 170
Two maps: Desert island
|Features||A natural environment
Coast; coastline; coastal areas
Designated swimming area
|Adjectives/description||Undeveloped; no development
No sign of human habitation
In its natural state
|Directions/prepositions||Towards the east of the island
In the west; on the west coast
Leads to; leading to
To the right/left/north/south of
The two maps show an island’s transformation over time from a desert island to a tourist resort. The significant changes are the construction of buildings and routes to service the needs of visitors to the island.
The first map shows no sign of human habitation or development. The island is fairly barren apart from two palm groves, the smaller one to the east and the larger one towards the west. The coastal areas are mostly cliff faces with the exception of one beach on the west coast of the island.
The second map shows the infrastructure which now supports a tourist resort. The palm groves remain, with development taking place in the area mostly between the two, while the area beyond the eastern palm grove remains in its natural state.
The accommodation is grouped in two distinct areas either side of the reception with the restaurant to the north. Footpaths connect each of the accommodation huts around their central circles, with a direct route from the smaller accommodation area to the designated swimming area at the beach. A vehicle track links the restaurant and reception to the new pier at the south of the island where the boats, which are the only transport to and from the island, dock.
Word count: 209
Three maps: Meadowside Village & Fonton
between the years of 1962 and 1985
in that time; since then; over the time period
located/situated to the east/west of…
cuts through/runs through
considerable/significant growth, development
grown, increased, expanded, developed
The three maps show the urban changes related to Meadowside Village and Fonton from 1962 until the present. Since that time, the two areas have undergone significant development and have increased in size to the point that they are now merged.
In 1962, Meadowside Village and Fonton were two distinct entities, each with a mode of transport but unconnected to each other. Meadowside had a small road leading to and from it whilst Fonton had a railway track running through it.
By 1985, Meadowside Village had expanded to become a residential area, with a housing estate and a main road running through it. There was also a superstore and a leisure centre, both facilities which catered to the area’s residents. By this time, the township was connected to Fonton by a second main road leading off the first.
Since then, the two areas have merged into one district. The residential area remains more-or-less unchanged except for a slight increase in the size of both the housing estate and the suburb. The area between the two original …. has been developed into a business district with infrastructure to cater for the employees of the business park. This includes a second railway track linking the new station and hotel to Fonton and beyond.
Word count: 211
For other examples of model answers relating to these maps, check out the links below.